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Creators: T. Sinclair, P.-L. Gatier
Contributors: M. Ballance, R. Talbert, Adam Prins, Jeffrey Becker, W. Röllig, Tom Elliott, H. Kopp, DARMC, R. Warner, Sean Gillies, B. Siewert-Mayer, Francis Deblauwe, Eric Kansa
Copyright © The Creators. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Mar 03, 2015 03:34 PM History
The ancient city of Aleppo, located in modern Syria, where extensive elements of Hittite, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Ayyubid, and Umayyad architecture are incorporated into the urban fabric of the modern city. Inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.

settlement, mosque, agora, forum, plaza

Barrington Atlas: BAtlas 67 E4 Beroia

The Barrington Atlas Directory notes: Alep SYR
Inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986 under criteria iii and iv of UNESCO's World Heritage List Operational Guidelines. Specific archaeological and cultural components highlighted in the World Heritage List entry include:
    • Remains of Hittite, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Ayyubid structures and elements are incorporated in the massive surviving Citadel
    • The diverse mixture of buildings including the Great Mosque founded under the Umayyads and rebuilt in the 12th century; the 12th century Madrasa Halawiye, which incorporates remains of Aleppo's Christian cathedral, together with other mosques and madrasas, suqs and khans represents an exceptional reflection of the social, cultural and economic aspects of what was once one of the richest cities of all humanity.
    • Aleppo is an outstanding example of an Ayyubid 12th century city with its military fortifications constructed as its focal point following the success of Salah El-Din against the Crusaders. The encircling ditch and defensive wall above a massive, sloping, stone-faced glacis, and the great gateway with its machicolations comprise a major ensemble of military architecture at the height of Arab dominance. Works of the 13th-14th centuries including the great towers and the stone entry bridge reinforce the architectural quality of this ensemble. Surrounding the citadel within the city are numerous mosques from the same period including the Madrasah al Firdows, constructed by Daifa Khatoun in 1235.

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Sinclair, T., P. Gatier. "Places: 658409 (Beroia)". Pleiades. <> [Accessed: June 26, 2016 7:43 am]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 658409 (Beroia) |author=Sinclair, T., P. Gatier |accessdate=June 26, 2016 7:43 am |publisher=Pleiades}}