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Imagery location of Temple of Demeter at the Sanctuary of Demeter Malophoros

a Pleiades location resource

Creators: Lewin Ernest Staine, Erin Dooley Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jul 18, 2016 03:58 PM History
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Representative imagery location of the archaeological site, verified in Google Earth 2016. Chronology following White 1967.

temple

{ "type": "Point", "coordinates": [ 12.816874, 37.586763 ] }

Traces

Certain

Google Earth and DigitalGlobe Imagery 2012

representative

  • Classical (Greco-Roman; 550 BC-330 BC) (confident)
  • Hellenistic Greek, Roman Republic (330 BC-30 BC) (confident)

Pleiades

The Temple of Demeter at the Sanctuary of Demeter Malophoros is located in Selinus, Sicily. Malophoros means “apple-bearer”, and is an epithet attached to Demeter in her capacity as the goddess of fertility, grain and agriculture.  The early colonists of Selinus were primarily farmers and dedicated the sanctuary to the goddess in the hopes of successful harvests. The first temple was built here in the early seventh century BC, but it was replaced ca. 650 BC by the temple of megaron plan that is currently visible. This temple lacks a peripteros and reflects temple-planning of the period of Greek architecture before columns were widely used. In the late sixth through the fifth century, the sanctuary was embellished with a large altar, substantial stone temenos walls, and a propylon, which is the only building of its type in Sicily. The sanctuary was continuously used even after the capture of Selinus by Carthage in 409 BC.  In 250 BC, during the First Punic War, the Carthaginians destroyed the town's fortifications and the town and sanctuary were abandoned. In the sixth century AD, the remaining structures were completely destroyed by an earthquake. Excavation began in the late 18th century, and uncovered ceramics, bronze, iron, silver, ivory, and votive figurines, mainly statuettes of female figures. A bone flute was also found, indicating the use of music in Greek worship.