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a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jeffrey Becker, Jamie Novotny
Contributors: B. Siewert-Mayer, H. Kopp, W. Röllig, Francis Deblauwe, Eric Kansa
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Oct 03, 2020 11:10 AM History
Uršu/Waršuwa was an Assyrian trading colony (kārum) located on the route between Aššur and Kaneš. This important city is attested in Eblaite and Sumerian sources, including an inscription of Gudea of Lagaš that describes the rebuilding of the temple of the god Ningirsu at Girsu; numerous Old Assyrian and Old Babylonian texts; and Hittite sources, for example, the annals of king Hattusili I, a literary composition generally referred to as ‘The Siege of Uršu,’ a treaty between the Hittite king and Sunassura of Kizzuwatna, and a land grant to a nobleman (Sahurunuwa).

37.0611756, 37.3793085
    • Ursu (Sumerian, 2335 BC - 2000 BC)
    • Ursum (Akkadian, 2000 BC - 1600 BC)
    • Urussa (Hittite, 1650 BC - 1200 BC)
    • Urša'um (Eblan, 2950 BC - 2350 BC)
    • Uršu (Akkadian, 2000 BC - 330 BC)
    • Uršu (Sumerian, 2335 BC - 2000 BC)
    • Uršu (Hittite, 1650 BC - 1450 BC)
    • Waršuwa (Hittite, 1650 BC - 1450 BC)

unlocated, settlement


The exact location of Uršu is unknown, but its general location can be inferred from third- and second millennium-BC Akkadian, Eblaite, Hittite, and Sumerian sources. Scholars have suggested the following locations for this important city: (1) Gaziantep; (2) east of modern Gaziantep, near the main pass of the Euphrates River; (3) northeast of Malatya; (4) Urfa; (5) between Samsat and Birecik; (6) between Birecik and Gaziantep; and (7) in and around the Euphrates River.  Although there is no scholarly agreement, it is generally thought that Uršu was located west of the Euphrates River and north of the city Carchemish. For further details (with bibliographical references), see Hittite Historical Atlas no. 2983; and Barjamovic 2011, 198-203 §4.12. 

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Jeffrey Becker, Jamie Novotny, B. Siewert-Mayer, H. Kopp, W. Röllig, Francis Deblauwe, and Eric Kansa, 'Uršu/Waršuwa: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2020 <> [accessed: 14 June 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 362814927 (Uršu/Waršuwa) |author=Becker, J., J. Novotny |accessdate=June 14, 2024 7:17 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}