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a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Birgit Christiansen Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Mar 30, 2023 10:04 AM History
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Elmalık (formerly Zivistan, Zewestan) is a village in the Van Province in the southeast of Turkey ca. 12 km to the south of Van. Two small Urartian fortresses have been found in the immediate vicinity, which are known as Aşağı Zivistan Kalesi ("Lower Zivistan Castle") and Yukarı Zivistan Kalesi ("Upper Zivistan Castle"). On the basis of several Urartian stone inscriptions of the Urartian king Išpuini (9th century BCE) (CTU I A 2-2 - A 2-4) and one rock inscription of the same king (CTU I A 2-5), both fortresses can be dated to the the reign of the Urartian king Išpuini (9th century BCE).

38.412146, 43.30932635

findspot, place of finding, settlement-modern, fort group


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Birgit Christiansen , Carolin Johansson, Tom Elliott, and Rune Rattenborg, 'Zivistan/Elmalık: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2023 <> [accessed: 22 April 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 464766952 (Zivistan/Elmalık) |author=Christiansen, B. |accessdate=April 22, 2024 1:31 am |publisher=Pleiades}}