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Nergal Gate

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Feb 07, 2018 06:20 AM History
The northern city wall of Nineveh had three gates: the Nergal Gate was middle gate. The Neo-Assyrian king Sennacherib constructed it and gave it the Akkadian ceremonial names Erra-mušamqit-ayyābī ("The God Erra Is the One Who Cuts Down Enemies") and Erra-šāgiš-zāmânīya ("The God Erra Is the One Who Cuts Down My Enemies").

36.3711319, 43.1477283

gate (of a city), city gate


The gate is mentioned in Akkadian inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian king Sennacherib dating to 697-691 B.C. In those texts, the Nergal Gate is always listed as the second gate of the northern stretch of wall. Unlike Nineveh’s seventeen other gates, this entrance to the city is flanked by colossal stone human-headed winged bulls. The name of the gate is Erra-mušamqit-ayyābī in texts dated to 697-695 and 691 B.C. and Erra-šāgiš-zāmânīya in a text written in 694 B.C. The position of the gate is known and it was excavated in 1846, 1849-51, 1941, 1956, and 1966-67. Like several other gates, the Nergal Gate has been partially reconstructed.

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Jamie Novotny, 'Nergal Gate: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2018 <> [accessed: 01 March 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 605179374 (Nergal Gate) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=March 1, 2024 11:57 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}