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Abbey of Monte Cassino

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jeffrey Becker
Contributors: Tom Elliott
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified May 11, 2019 07:07 AM History
A multi-period hilltop settlement with evidence for ancient terrace construction that now supports an abbey of the Benedictine order.

https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/65661952

41.49, 13.813889
    None

church, monastery

Pleiades

The Abbey of Monte Cassino is a multi-period site. The original Benedictine abbey (ca. 529/530) was destroyed by the Lombards ca. 570. Little is known of this original phase. A second architectural phase is assigned to Petronax of Brescia ca. 718, with the support of the Lombard Duke Romuald II of Benevento. Saracens sacked this monastery in 883 and the monks relocated, first to Teano and then to Capua from 914. In 949 the abbey was again rebuilt. In the thirteenth century, the monastery began to decline. Serious earthquake damage occurred in 1349. In 1799 the site was sacked by French soldiers and in 1866 the Italian government dispersed the monks. The Battle of Monte Cassino during the Second World War (1944) destroyed the site once more and it was rebuilt in the post-war period.


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Jeffrey Becker, and Tom Elliott, 'Abbey of Monte Cassino: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2019 <https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/65661952> [accessed: 06 December 2019]

            {{cite web |url=https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/65661952 |title=Places: 65661952 (Abbey of Monte Cassino) |author=Becker, J. |accessdate=December 6, 2019 12:57 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}