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a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny
Contributors: Jeffrey Becker
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Feb 07, 2018 02:44 PM History
The most important temple in the citadel of Nineveh was dedicated to the city's tutelary deity, the goddess Ištar. The temple was located in the center of the citadel and went by the Sumerian ceremonial name Emašmaš (meaning uncertain).

36.3594193, 43.1527334



The temple dates back to at least the third millennium B.C. and from the archaeological and textual records it had a long and detailed building history. Akkadian sources provide evidence for the following Akkadian and Assyrian kings rebuilding or repairing Emašmaš: Man-ištušu, Šamšī-Adad I, Aššur-uballiṭ I, Shalmaneser I, Tukultī-Ninurta I, Aššur-rēša-iši I, Tiglath-pileser I, Ashurnasirpal I, Šamšī-Adad IV, Ashurnasirpal II, Sargon II, Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, and Ashurbanipal. The Old Babylonian king Hammu-rapi also refers to this temple of Ištar in his now-famous law code.

The temple was excavated 1851-54, 1873-74, 1878-82, and 1929-32.

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Jamie Novotny, and Jeffrey Becker, 'Emašmaš: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2018 <> [accessed: 02 March 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 763257295 (Emašmaš) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=March 2, 2024 5:48 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}