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a Pleiades place resource

Creators: M. Roaf, E.J. Keall
Contributors: R. Talbert, Sean Gillies, Tom Elliott, Jeffrey Becker
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Dec 26, 2016 10:55 AM History
An important region of ancient Iran located between the Caspian Sea and the Harborz Mons.

Base map by Ryan M. Horne for Pleiades and the Ancient World Mapping Center (ancient terrain after the Barrington Atlas). Map interaction design and implementation by Sean Gillies, David Glick, Alec Mitchell, and Tom Elliott for Pleiades.

37.1, 56.3
  • Gurgan (Middle Persian, unspecified date range)
  • Ὑρκανία (Hyrkanía: Ancient Greek, 330 BC - 30 BC)
  • varkāna (Varkana: Ca. 600-400 B.C. Persian, Old, unspecified date range)


Barrington Atlas: BAtlas 96 C2 Varkana/Hyrcania/Gurgan

The Barrington Atlas Directory notes: IRN/TKM.

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M. Roaf, E.J. Keall, R. Talbert, Sean Gillies, Tom Elliott, and Jeffrey Becker, 'Varkana/Hyrcania/Gurgan: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2016 <> [accessed: 02 July 2020]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 942333 (Varkana/Hyrcania/Gurgan) |author=Roaf, M., E. Keall |accessdate=July 2, 2020 5:26 am |publisher=Pleiades}}