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Enlil Gate

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jan 02, 2021 10:22 AM History
The Enlil Gate, which was given the Akkadian ceremonial name Enlil-mukīn-išdī-alīya ("The God Enlil Is the One Who Establishes the Foundation of My City"), is the third of the eight city gates of Dūr-Šarrukīn ("Fort Sargon") listed by Sargon II (r. 721–705 BC) in inscriptions recording the construction of his new capital. This gate is the first of the north-facing entrances to the city.

36.5073844673, 43.2328188127

unlocated, gate (of a city), city gate


The Enlil Gate is the first of Dūr-Šarrukīn’s two north-facing (meḫret ištāni) gates. Because ‘north’ (Akkadian ištānu) can refer to both northeast and northwest in Akkadian sources, it is uncertain if the Enlil Gate was located on the city’s northeast or northwest wall and, therefore, it is uncertain if that entranceway to Sargon II’s newly-constructed capital should be identified as Khorsabad Gate 1, Gate 2, or a hitherto undiscovered (postern) gate on the northwest or southwest side of the citadel. Since one expects a grand gate to be dedicated to Enlil, Gate 1, the northernmost portal on the northeast wall, seems to be the most plausible suggested location for the Enlil Gate; Gate 2 and the yet-to-be-identified (postern) gate are both assumed to be undecorated entrances and, thus, seem unlikely to have been named after this important god.

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Jamie Novotny, 'Enlil Gate: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2021 <> [accessed: 29 September 2023]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 291557331 (Enlil Gate) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=September 29, 2023 7:36 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}