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a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny
Contributors: Jeffrey Becker
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Dec 27, 2020 10:56 AM History
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The Assyrian king Sargon II (r. 721–705 BC) surrounded his new capital Dūr-Šarrukīn ("Fort Sargon") with a rectangular-shaped, 16,280-cubit-long inner and outer city wall. The name of the outer/lower city wall (šalḫû) was Ninurta-mukīn-temmēn-ālišu-ana-labār-ūmē-rūqūti ("The God Ninurta Is the One Who Establishes the Foundation of His City for (All) Days to Come") according to some Akkadian royal inscriptions, but Ninurta-mukīn-temmēn-adušši-ana-labār-ūmē-rūqūti ("The God Ninurta Is the One Who Establishes the Foundation of the Wall for (All) Days to Come") according to other texts written in the name of Sargon II.

36.5034332595, 43.2344804036

wall (of a city), city wall


Traces of Dūr-Šarrukīn’s city walls are still visible today. According to Sargon II’s own inscriptions, the inner and outer city walls had eight gates, two on each stretch of wall. Seven of those entrances have been excavated. Because there is no one-to-one correlation between Sargon’s inscriptions and available archaeological evidence, scholars have forwarded several proposals about the identifications of the eight gates recorded in inscriptions with the excavated gates and have posited various interpretations on the location and identification of the ‘missing,’ eighth city gate.

The length of the wall of is recorded as 16,280 cubits: ŠÁR ŠÁR ŠÁR ŠÁR GÉŠ.U GÉŠ.U GÉŠ.U 1 UŠ 1½ NINDA 2 KÙŠ  and ŠÁR ŠÁR ŠÁR ŠÁR GÉŠ.U GÉŠ.U GÉŠ.U 1 UŠ 3 qa-ni 2 KÙŠ. The number is reported to have been ni-bit MU-ia (literally “the saying/pronunciation of my name.” As Grant Frame (RINAP 2) has recently pointed out “various proposals have been made by scholars over the years to explain how this would work, none has been convincing, although … a connection between the sign ŠÁR and the first part of Sargon’s name (šarru) would seem likely.” 

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Jamie Novotny, and Jeffrey Becker, 'Ninurta-mukīn-temmēn-ālišu-ana-labār-ūmē-rūqūti: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2020 <> [accessed: 28 May 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 175106248 (Ninurta-mukīn-temmēn-ālišu-ana-labār-ūmē-rūqūti) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=May 28, 2024 10:18 am |publisher=Pleiades}}