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Šamaš Gate

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Dec 28, 2020 12:41 PM History
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The Šamaš Gate, which was given the Akkadian ceremonial name Šamaš-mušakšid-ernittīya ("The God Šamaš Is the One Who Makes Me Triumph"), is the first of the eight city gates of Dūr-Šarrukīn ("Fort Sargon") listed by Sargon II (r. 721–705 BC) in inscriptions recording the construction of his new capital. This gate is the first of the east-facing entrances to the city.

36.5030439048, 43.2357740252

unlocated, gate (of a city), city gate


The Šamaš Gate is the first of Dūr-Šarrukīn’s two east-facing (meḫret šadî) gates. Because ‘east’ (Akkadian šadû) can refer to both southeast and northeast in Akkadian sources, it is uncertain if the Šamaš Gate was located on the city’s southeast or northeast wall and, therefore, it is uncertain if that entranceway to Sargon II’s newly-constructed capital should be identified as Khorsabad Gate 2, Gate 3, or Gate 4. Since one expects a grand gate to be dedicated to Šamaš, Gate 3, the northernmost portal on the southeast wall, seems to be the most plausible suggested location for the Šamaš Gate; Gates 2 and 4 are both undecorated entrances and, thus, seem unlikely to have been named after the sun-god.

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Jamie Novotny, 'Šamaš Gate: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2020 <> [accessed: 22 June 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 344172036 (Šamaš Gate) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=June 22, 2024 7:12 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}