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The Siphnian Treasury

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Danielle Hoyer, Yeonsoo Kang Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jul 28, 2016 03:26 PM History
Treasury building erected by the citizens of the island city of Siphnos at Delphi in the late Archaic period, famous for its caryatid columns.

https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/333036425

38.48162, 22.501642
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treasury

Pleiades

The Siphnian Treasury was constructed in the Ionic order ca. 530-525 BCE, though some claim that it could have been built as late as 480 BCE. It measured 8.9m by 6.3m. The building is made of marble from either Ios or Siphnos. It consists of two different parts: a porch and a cella. The porch was distyle in antis, but in place of the two columns were sculpted figures of young women in elaborate drapery (caryatids). The construction of the elaborately-decorated building was funded with the profits from gold and silver mines that had been discovered on the island in the 6th century BCE. The purpose of the treasury was to house lavish offerings given to various gods and goddesses. The Treasury was richly decorated with architectural sculpture in its pediments and frieze, in an Attic-Ionic style. The sculptures in the rear pediment illustrated the struggles between Apollo and Heracles for the Delphic Tripod, while portions of the frieze depicted a Gigantomachy and scenes from the Trojan War. Currently, only the foundation of the building is visible near the Sacred Way.


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Danielle Hoyer, Yeonsoo Kang, Jeffrey Becker, Adam Rabinowitz, and Tom Elliott, 'The Siphnian Treasury: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2016 <https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/333036425> [accessed: 26 September 2018]

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