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New Year's Festival House at Assur

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny
Contributors: Jeffrey Becker
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jun 03, 2022 08:38 AM History
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As part of his post-689-BC religious reforms, the Neo-Assyrian king Sennacherib (704–681 BC) had a new New Year’s festival house (akītu-house) constructed outside the western wall of Assur. This was an attempt to replicate the cultic topography of Babylon. The Sumerian ceremonial names of that holy building and its cella are Eabbaugga ("House Where Tiāmat Is Put To Death") and Edubdubabba ("House That Makes Tiāmat Tremble”) respectively.

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Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian king Sennacherib (704–681 BC) infer that the original New Year's temple at Assur had been situated outside the city and that its location had long been forgotten. That seventh-century BC ruler had the structure constructed from (inscribed) stone blocks. The planning of the temple proved difficult: The original ground plan was abandoned and replaced by a newer one with a moderately different plan. The building was surrounded by lush, well-irrigated gardens and fruit orchards; the species of plants and trees are not known. In the main entrance of the temple, Sennacherib had an ornate bronze door cast using a new bronze casting technique. That elaborate work of art depicted an epic battle, representing a scene from the Assyrian version of Enūma eliš, the Babylonian poem of creation. In order to connect the New Year's temple to the Aššur temple, Sennacherib had a new stone processional way constructed.

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Jamie Novotny, and Jeffrey Becker, 'New Year's Festival House at Assur: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2022 <> [accessed: 30 January 2023]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 416772250 (New Year's Festival House at Assur) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=January 30, 2023 1:34 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}