Personal tools


Use this tag in Flickr to mark depictions of this place's site(s):


or this one to mark objects found here:


Related Content from Pelagios


You are here: Home Ancient Places Ashur/‘Lamban’?/‘Liba(nai)’?

Skip to content. | Skip to navigation


a Pleiades place resource

Creators: M. Roaf, St J. Simpson Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified May 02, 2023 06:02 PM History
Aššur, modern Qal'at Sherqat, is an Assyrian city on the western bank of the Tigris River. Named after its enigmatic tutelary deity, it was the original capital, ancestral home, and burial place of the Assyrian royal family. From the late third millennium B.C. until 614 B.C., when the city was captured and destroyed by the Medes, Aššur was Assyria's most important religious center. It was also Assyria's principal administrative center until the beginning of the ninth century, when Ashurnasirpal II (883-859) moved the capital to the newly constructed Calah.

35.4555731618, 43.2613012876
    • Ashur (750 BC - 330 BC)
    • Assur (German, modern)
    • Aššur (Akkadian, 2335 BC - 540 BC)
    • آشور (Ašūr: Arabic, modern)
    • Baltil (Akkadian, 2000 BC - 540 BC)
    • Less than certain: Lamban (330 BC - AD 640)
    • Less than certain: Liba (330 BC - AD 300)
    • Less than certain: Libanai (330 BC - AD 300)
    • Libbi-āli (Akkadian, 1000 BC - 540 BC)
    • قاعة شرقط (Qal‘at Širqāṭ: Arabic, modern)

settlement, archaeological site

Barrington Atlas: BAtlas 91 E2 Ashur/‘Lamban’?/‘Liba(nai)’?

Between 1903 and 1914, Ashur was excavated by the Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft (DOG), under the direction of Walter Andrae; the expedition had been planned as early as 1898. In 1979, the Iraqi Antiquities Administration continued exploring the city; this lasted (intermittently) until 2002. New German excavations took place in 1988-89 (Reinhard Dittmann, Free University Berlin), 1989-1990 (Barthel Hrouda, University of Munich) and 2000-01 (Peter A. Miglus, University of Halle). Since 1997, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft has sponsored the Aššur project, which was established by the German Oriental Society and the Museum of the Ancient Near East in order to scientifically examine the German excavation of 1903-1914. Since 2003, Ashur has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

The Barrington Atlas Directory notes: Qal'at Sherqat.

Atom, JSON, KML, RDF+XML, Turtle

M. Roaf, St J. Simpson, Sean Gillies, Jeffrey Becker, Carolin Johansson, Jamie Novotny, Tom Elliott, DARMC, R. Talbert, Ryan Horne, and Rune Rattenborg, 'Ashur/‘Lamban’?/‘Liba(nai)’?: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2023 <> [accessed: 31 May 2023]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 893945 (Ashur/‘Lamban’?/‘Liba(nai)’?) |author=Roaf, M., St J. Simpson |accessdate=May 31, 2023 12:27 am |publisher=Pleiades}}