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Temple of Sîn and Šamaš at Assur

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jun 07, 2022 06:10 AM History
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A double-temple dedicated to the moon-god Sîn and the sun-god Šamaš existed at the city Assur from the Old Assyrian period onwards. The plan of this holy structure changed several times over the course of its long history, most notably in the Neo-Assyrian period, in the reign of Ashurbanipal II (883–859 BC). The Sîn temple was called Eḫulḫuldirdirra and the Šamaš temple went by the name Ebabbarra.

35.4580597663, 43.2596753494



The Sîn-Šamaš temple was excavated in 1912–13. It is unclear which Assyrian king was responsible for founding this double-temple: Šamšī-Adad I (ca. 1808–1776 BC) or Aššur-nārārī I. It was renovated by Middle Assyrian kings Arik-dēn-ilī (1317–1306 BC) and Tukultī-Ninurta I  (1233–1197 BC) and rebuilt (on an entirely new plan) by the Neo-Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (883–859 BC); additions were made by the seventh-century-BC ruler Sennacherib (704–681 BC).

According to Recension B of the Götteradressbuch of Ashur, the divine inhabitants of the twin temples were: Sîn, Nikkal, Šamaš, Aya, Tambāyu, Ebeḫ, Kittu, Bunene, and Ūmu.

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Jamie Novotny, 'Temple of Sîn and Šamaš at Assur: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2022 <> [accessed: 22 June 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 921404713 (Temple of Sîn and Šamaš at Assur) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=June 22, 2024 6:04 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}