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Arcadian Gate

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Kayne Khoury
Contributors: Alexa Frazey, Jeffrey Becker, Julia Doncaster, Adam Rabinowitz, Carlos Martinez
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Aug 20, 2016 11:31 PM History
The Arcadian Gate is a monumental city gate constructed in the 4th century BCE in Messene.

https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/435916987

37.186704837, 21.9133102359
    None

gate (of a city), city gate, wall (of a city), city wall

Pleiades

The Messenians built the Arcadian Gate of Messene in the 4th century BCE. It is located at the base of Mount Ithome, and was likely the main entrance to the city. The Theban General, Epaminondas, freed the Messenians from Spartan hegemony and established the city for the newly freed population. The gate is connected to an expansive fortification that extended nine kilometers around the city. The first excavations on the site took place in 1895. The gate has exterior and interior openings separated by a circular inner courtyard decorated with double niches and Herms. The large limestone blocks and monumental size of the gate are reminiscent of the Cyclopean masonry style of Mycenaean architecture, perhaps as a deliberate echo of the Bronze Age ruins in Messenia. See Luraghi, 217-218; Van Damme, 87-88; and Unwin, 164.


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Kayne Khoury, Alexa Frazey, Jeffrey Becker, Julia Doncaster, Adam Rabinowitz, and Carlos Martinez, 'Arcadian Gate: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2016 <https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/435916987> [accessed: 19 February 2018]

            {{cite web |url=https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/435916987 |title=Places: 435916987 (Arcadian Gate) |author=Khoury, K. |accessdate=February 19, 2018 3:08 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}