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Forum Iulium

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jacob Raines
Contributors: Jeffrey Becker
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Dec 24, 2016 07:14 AM History
The Forum Iulium (or Forum of Caesar, Forum Caesaris) is a forum built by Iulius Caesar and dedicated ca. 46 B.C. The main cult of the forum is that of Venus Genetrix.

https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/445545537

41.8940555535, 12.4847839342
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agora, forum, plaza, temple

Pleiades

Construction began in 54 BC, and it was dedicated in 46 BC upon completion. As part of the dedication, lavish games were also offered and funded by Caesar, indicating the staggering cost that he personally invested in the project. The Forum Julium spanned 160 meters by 75 meters, reaching from the Argiletum on the southeast side of the Forum Romanum to the Atrium Libertatis.  The Forum of Caesar was originally meant to be an expansion of the Forum Romanum. The Forum, however, evolved so that it served two additional purposes. As Caesar became more and more involved in this project, the Forum became a place for public business that was related to the Senate in addition to a shrine for himself as well as Venus Genetrix. The large temple was originally planned to be dedicated to Venus Victrix but, following his victory at Pharsalus, Caesar decided to honor Venus Genetrix, the goddess of motherhood and domesticity, instead. He believed this deity to be the origin of the gens Iulia to which he belonged. The forum was largely damaged in the widespread fires of 80 AD and did not see reconstruction until ca. AD 95-100 under the reigns of Domitian and Trajan.


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Jacob Raines, and Jeffrey Becker, 'Forum Iulium: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2016 <https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/445545537> [accessed: 17 February 2018]

            {{cite web |url=https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/445545537 |title=Places: 445545537 (Forum Iulium) |author=Raines, J. |accessdate=February 17, 2018 2:53 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}