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Hephaisteion

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Rachaelle L Browning Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Feb 17, 2020 12:14 AM History
The temple of Hephaistos located on the northwest side of the Agora of Athens dates to the middle of the fifth century B.C.

Base map by Ryan M. Horne for Pleiades and the Ancient World Mapping Center (ancient terrain after the Barrington Atlas). Map interaction design and implementation by Sean Gillies, David Glick, Alec Mitchell, and Tom Elliott for Pleiades.


https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/558659669

37.9756065, 23.721502
    None

church, temple

Pleiades

The Temple of Hephaistos, god of metalworking, was built during the second half of the 5th century BC. The date of the monument is controversial, but construction seems to have begun around 449 BC and to have continued for the next few decades. This Doric-order temple was designed by Ictinus, one of the architects who worked on the Parthenon. Its sculptures depict the exploits of Theseus, the labors of Herakles, and a Centauromachy. According to Pausanias, it housed statues of Athena and Hephaistos. Around it are casting-pits and slag-furnaces that characterize the industrial metalworkers’ quarter in which the temple is known to have been located.

In the 7th century AD, the temple of Hephaistos became a Christian church dedicated to Saint George. Excavations of the building began in 1936, clearing the land surrounding the temple down to bedrock. Thanks to its use as a church throughout the Middle Ages, the Temple of Hephaistos is today one of the best preserved Greek temples in the world.


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Rachaelle L Browning, Brady Kiesling, Sean Gillies, Ryan Horne, Jeffrey Becker, Adam Rabinowitz, and Tom Elliott, 'Hephaisteion: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2020 <https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/558659669> [accessed: 26 May 2020]

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