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a Pleiades place resource

Creators: J. Bennet, G. Reger Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Aug 23, 2023 06:23 PM History
The Roman capital of Creta et Cyrenaica province, then Creta, and later seat of the Archbishop of Crete, Gortyna was a thriving community from the Geometric period to the Middle Byzantine period. The first traces of urban settlement date from the Archaic period. The ancient Greek law code known as the "Gortyn Code" was discovered there in 1884.

35.062107, 24.946943

urban area, settlement

Barrington Atlas: BAtlas 60 C2 Gortyn(a)

Gortyna was inhabited continuously from the 8th century BC to the 9th century AD, and it is most famous for its law code dating from the 5th century BC.

At the beginning of the 3rd century AD the urban settlement underwent a major restructuring, with the building of an aqueduct 15 km long. The water supply system was renewed in the 6th century when the city was the seat of the Bishopric of Crete.

The city was allegedly abandoned in the 9th century at the time of the Arab conquest of Crete, but it was already in decline following the misfortunes of the Byzantine sea supremacy and a series of major earthquakes.

The site of ancient Gortyna is currently excavated by a joint team from the Universities of Bologna, Rome “La Sapienza“, Macerata, Palermo, Siena, Padova, Milano, coordinated by the Italian Archaeological School at Athens.


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J. Bennet, G. Reger, DARMC, Brady Kiesling, Sean Gillies, Jeffrey Becker, Stefano Costa, Tom Elliott, Catherine Bouras, and R. Talbert, 'Gortyn(a): a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2023 <> [accessed: 21 April 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 589796 (Gortyn(a)) |author=Bennet, J., G. Reger |accessdate=April 21, 2024 2:57 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}