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a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny
Contributors: Tom Elliott
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jan 28, 2021 11:31 AM History
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According to the Babylonian topographical text Tintir = Babylon, Kumar was one of the four city districts of the western half of the inner city of Babylon and it contained seven temples.

32.532802, 44.415448
    • Kumar (Akkadian, 2000 BC - 30 BC)



Kumar is the central district of the eastern part of the western half of the inner city of Babylon. It is bounded by the Arahtu River on the east, by the Bāb-Lugalerra district on the north, by the nu-x-ù district on the west, and by the Tuba district on the south. According to Tintir = Babylon IV (lines 34–40), the temples Enamtila, Eešmah, Ekadima, Emesikilla, Edikukalama, Eʾesirkalama, Enamhe were located in this part of Babylon. According to Tintir = Babylon V (line 100), the  western and eastern limits of Kumar were the Akus Gate and the temple Enamtila, which probably was located close to the western bank of the Arahtu River. The district is first attested in the Old Babylonian Period.

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Jamie Novotny, and Tom Elliott, 'Kumar: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2021 <> [accessed: 16 July 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 633091639 (Kumar) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=July 16, 2024 4:20 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}