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Stoa of Zeus (Eleutherios)

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: April Kissinger, Eric Shea, Chelsea Lee, Sterling Wright Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Dec 14, 2020 04:33 AM History
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The Stoa of Zeus Eleutherios was built on the west side of the Agora of Athens between 430-425 BC, in honor of Zeus "of Freedom"; the stoa, Doric in its external order, housed the shields of Athenians who had died fighting for the city.

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The Stoa of Zeus Eleutherios was built on the west side of the Agora between 430 and 425 B.C. This monument was erected to honor Zeus, as guarantor of freedom, for his role in helping the Athenians defeat the Persians at the battle of Plataea. It was constructed as a civic building with two projecting wings, each adorned with a Nike acroterion on the south and north sides. It was used as a repository of the shields of those who died fighting for Athens at the battle of Plataea. Built of marble and limestone, it had Doric columns on the exterior and Ionic columns on the interior. This stoa served as the cult site for the Athenian cult of Zeus Eleutherios, and had a statue of Zeus in front of it. Within, it was decorated with paintings of the twelve gods done by Euphranor. In the early Roman period, a door was added in the back wall of the stoa to connect it with a new annex with two chambers. One room was known to hold images of the emperor and his family, and both may have housed a cult of Roman emperors. Only a few traces of this monument are still visible.

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April Kissinger, Eric Shea, Chelsea Lee, Sterling Wright, Jeffrey Becker, Adam Rabinowitz, and Tom Elliott, 'Stoa of Zeus (Eleutherios): a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2020 <> [accessed: 01 June 2023]

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