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Kunulua/Tell Tayinat

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jeffrey Becker, Jamie Novotny Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jan 31, 2018 08:47 PM History
Tell Tayinat (ancient Kunulua) is a large site (comprising both a sizeable citadel and a sprawling lower town) located at the northern bend of the Orontes River, ca. 30 km southeast of Antakya (ancient Antioch). Strategically located, this fortified city served as a royal capital for various historically-attested Bronze and Iron Age kingdoms (ca. 3200-600 B.C.). In 738 B.C., the Assyrian king Tiglath-pileser III conquered Kunulua (alternately called Kinalua), then the royal city of Syro-Hittite kingdom of Patina, annexed it, and transformed it into an important provincial administrative center. Textual evidence found at the site (e.g., a large tablet inscribed with a copy of Esarhaddon’s Succession Treaty) leaves little doubt that Kunulua should be identified as Tell Tayinat.

Base map by Ryan M. Horne for Pleiades and the Ancient World Mapping Center (ancient terrain after the Barrington Atlas). Map interaction design and implementation by Sean Gillies, David Glick, Alec Mitchell, and Tom Elliott for Pleiades.

36.2483364423, 36.3758844118



In Assyrian sources of the first millennium B.C., the city is referred to as Kinalia (reign of Tiglath-pileser III), Kinalua (reign of Shalmaneser III), Kullania (7th century B.C.), Kunalua (reign of Shalmaneser III), Kunalia (reigns of Tiglath-pileser III and Esarhaddon), and Kunulua (reign of Ashurnasirpal II). 


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Jeffrey Becker, Jamie Novotny, Elizabeth Robinson, and Tom Elliott, 'Kunulua/Tell Tayinat: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2018 <> [accessed: 12 August 2020]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 913163220 (Kunulua/Tell Tayinat) |author=Becker, J., J. Novotny |accessdate=August 12, 2020 3:38 am |publisher=Pleiades}}
Jeffrey Becker
Jeffrey Becker says:
Nov 24, 2017 01:26 PM

Duplicates an existing place in drafting state - - perhaps entries can be combined?

Jamie Novotny
Jamie Novotny says:
Dec 01, 2017 07:15 AM

I do not have sufficient access to view 396835453 so I cannot confirm. If it was entered by chorst, it is likely and if that is the case, please delete that entry and use this one instead.