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Aššur Gate

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny
Contributors: Jeffrey Becker
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Feb 12, 2018 08:45 AM History
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Most 7th-century B.C. Assyrian inscriptions record that Nineveh had eight south- and east-facing gates: the Aššur Gate was the second of these. The Neo-Assyrian king Sennacherib constructed it and gave it the Akkadian ceremonial names Lilbur-iššak-Aššur ("May the Vice-Regent of the God Aššur Endure") and Libūr-iššak-Aššur ("May the Vice-Regent of the God Aššur Stay in Good Health").

https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/960751425

36.3365793, 43.17443

unlocated, gate (of a city), city gate

Pleiades

The gate is mentioned in Akkadian inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian king Sennacherib dating to 697-691 B.C. The Akkadian ceremonial name of the gate is Lilbur-iššak-Aššur ("May the Vice-Regent of the God Aššur Endure") in texts dated to 697-695 and 691 B.C. and Libūr-iššak-Aššur ("May the Vice-Regent of the God Aššur Stay in Good Health") in an inscription dated to mid-694 B.C. Most of Sennacherib’s inscriptions record that the Aššur Gate was the second of the south- and east-facing gates. One inscription, however, states that it was the first of those gates.

The gate’s exact position is uncertain and cannot be confirmed from in-situ inscriptions. Most scholarly reconstructions place the Aššur Gate about 150 m west of the southeast corner (approximate coordinates: 36.3364280, 43.1769084). However, as Julian Reade has recently pointed out, the gate was more likely built by Sennacherib about 550 m from the southwest corner and about 350 m west of the southeast corner, near the center of the southern stretch of wall. The visible remains of a once-impressive gate, one befitting a dedication to Assyria’s national god, are clearly visible in an aerial photograph of Nineveh taken in 1929, as well as in Corona and Google satellite imagery. This proposed location may be confirmed from an on-site examination of the gate by Nicholas Postgate in the early 1980s. This proposed location of the Aššur Gate, rather than its traditional placement near the southeast corner, impacts the suggested locations of the remaining south- and west-facing gates. For further details, see, for example, the detail sections of the Sennacherib Gate (= Halzi Gate), Šamaš Gate, and Mullissu Gate.


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Jamie Novotny, and Jeffrey Becker, 'Aššur Gate: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2018 <https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/960751425> [accessed: 22 April 2018]

            {{cite web |url=https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/960751425 |title=Places: 960751425 (Aššur Gate) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=April 22, 2018 11:42 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}