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Sennacherib Gate

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny
Contributors: Jeffrey Becker
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Feb 13, 2018 08:37 AM History
Most 7th-century B.C. Assyrian inscriptions record that Nineveh had eight south- and east-facing gates: the Sennacherib Gate was the third of these. The Neo-Assyrian king Sennacherib constructed it and gave it the Akkadian ceremonial name Sāpin-gimir-nakirī, which means "The One Who Flattens All Enemies." During the reign of Sennacherib's grandson, the gate was renamed the Ashurbanipal Gate.

36.336428, 43.1769084

unlocated, gate (of a city), city gate


The gate is mentioned in Akkadian inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian king Sennacherib dating to 697-691 B.C., as well as in a text found at Sultantepe dating to the reign of Sennacherib’s grandson Ashurbanipal. Most of Sennacherib’s inscriptions record that the gate named after him was the third of the south- and east-facing gates. One inscription, however, states that it was the second of those gates. Scholarly literature generally refers to this gate as the Halzi Gate, rather than the Sennacherib Gate or the Ashurbanipal Gate. For scholarly literature recording details of the excavations of the Halzi Gate, see the reference section of the Šamaš Gate resource.

The gate’s exact position is uncertain and cannot be confirmed from in-situ inscriptions. Most scholarly reconstructions place the Halzi Gate about 400 m north of the southeast corner (approximate coordinates: 36.3398677, 43.1777291). However, as Julian Reade has recently pointed out, Sennacherib more likely built the gate on the south wall, about 130 m west of the southeast corner and about 220 m east of the Aššur Gate. The visible remains of this gate are clearly visible in an aerial photograph of Nineveh taken in 1929, as well as in Corona and Google satellite imagery. The gate was partially excavated in 1979-80. Reade’s proposed location of the Halzi Gate, which is the traditional location of the Aššur Gate according to most modern reconstructions of Nineveh and which accepted in this resource, impacts the suggested locations of the remaining south- and west-facing gates.  For further details, see, for example, the detail sections of the Šamaš Gate and the Mullissu Gate resources.

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Jamie Novotny, and Jeffrey Becker, 'Sennacherib Gate: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2018 <> [accessed: 19 February 2018]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 960751426 (Sennacherib Gate) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=February 19, 2018 10:34 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}