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Šarrat-niphi temple (Kalhu)

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jan 14, 2021 10:03 AM History
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When Kalhu (biblical Calah, modern Nimrud) became the principal administrative center of the Assyrian Empire in the ninth century BC, king Ashurnasirpal II (r. 883–859 BC) built (or rebuilt) numerous temples. One of those was dedicated to the goddess Šarrat-niphi (an aspect of Ištar).

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Akkadian inscriptions of the ninth-century-BC Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (r. 883–859 BC) record that that ruler built (or rebuilt) temples to the deities Adad, Damkina, Ea-šarru, Enlil, Gula, Nabû, Ninurta, Sîn, Šala, and Šarrat-niphi, as well as to the Sebetti and Kidmuri; for example, see RIAo Ashurnasirpal II 030 lines 53–78a. Of those, only four have been positively identified during nineteenth- and twentieth-century excavations: the Kidmuri temple, the Nabû temple, the Ninurta temple, and the Šarrat-niphi temple.

The Šarrat-niphi temple was discovered by Sir Austen Henry Layard (1849–51). The building was also later excavated by Sir Max Mallowan (1951) and the Director General of Iraq’s State Board of Antiquities (1973–74). Entrance to the temple was flanked by colossal, inscribed lions.


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Jamie Novotny, 'Šarrat-niphi temple (Kalhu): a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2021 <> [accessed: 13 June 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 344586145 (Šarrat-niphi temple (Kalhu)) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=June 13, 2024 12:53 pm |publisher=Pleiades}}