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Gula temple (Kalhu)

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny
Contributors: Tom Elliott
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jan 15, 2021 07:20 AM History
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When Kalhu (biblical Calah, modern Nimrud) became the principal administrative center of the Assyrian Empire in the ninth century BC, king Ashurnasirpal II (r. 883–859 BC) built (or rebuilt) numerous temples. One of those was dedicated to the goddess Gula. Although its location is not known, the Gula temple at Kalhu is thought to have been part of the Ninurta temple complex (in the northwest corner of the citadel), east of the Šarrat-niphi temple and north of the Kidmuri temple.

https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/897364594

36.100654, 43.328545
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unlocated, temple

Pleiades

Akkadian inscriptions of the ninth-century-BC Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (r. 883–859 BC) record that that ruler built (or rebuilt) temples to the deities Adad, Damkina, Ea-šarru, Enlil, Gula, Nabû, Ninurta, Sîn, Šala, and Šarrat-niphi, as well as to the Sebetti and Kidmuri; for example, see RIAo Ashurnasirpal II 030 lines 53–78a. Of those, only four have been positively identified during nineteenth- and twentieth-century excavations: the Kidmuri temple, the Nabû temple, the Ninurta temple, and the Šarrat-niphi temple.

Despite the fact that the location of the Gula temple at Kalhu is not known from the archaeological record, it is sometimes thought that it was situated east of the Šarrat-niphi temple and north of the Kidmuri temple, both of which have been partially excavated; see, for example, Reade 2002: 137 fig. 2, 191–193. This proposal cannot be confirmed from in-situ inscriptions and, therefore, must remain conjectural.


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Jamie Novotny, and Tom Elliott, 'Gula temple (Kalhu): a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2021 <https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/897364594> [accessed: 25 February 2021]

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