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Anavarza Kalesi

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny
Contributors: Jeffrey Becker, Tom Elliott
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Oct 27, 2020 06:25 AM History
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Anavarza Kalesi is a large fortress of Byzantine and Armenian date on probable Roman foundations. It shares its Turkish name with the 200m high limestone outcrop on which it stands. This outcrop served as the acropolis of ancient Anazarbos, and it also has been suggested as a location for the earlier "Kundu," which is mentioned in Akkadian sources.

37.2522957, 35.901757

acropolis, fort, tower (deprecated)


Kundu, a place mentioned in the inscriptions of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon (r. 680-669 BC), is associated with classical Kyinda. Kundu has often been identified with modern Anavarza, which is about 20 km southeast of Kozan, which would fit well with the inscriptions of Esarhaddon, which seem to suggest that Kundu was located near Sissû, a place identified as modern Kozan (formerly Sis). The identification is uncertain because Anavarza is generally associated with classical Anazarbos/Caesarea/Ioustin(ian)oupolis, and not Kyinda. Tırmıl Tepe Höyüğü, a mound ca. 2 km northeast of Mersin, has been tentatively suggested as a possible, alternative location of Kundu. Anavarza Castle lies to the east of Dilekkaya village in the Kozan district of modern Turkey. The castle is associated with the ancient Cilician city of Anazarbus with which it shares its name.

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Jamie Novotny, Jeffrey Becker, and Tom Elliott, 'Anavarza Kalesi: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2020 <> [accessed: 19 June 2024]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 543726021 (Anavarza Kalesi) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=June 19, 2024 7:17 am |publisher=Pleiades}}