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Enlil temple (Kalhu)

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jan 13, 2021 04:25 PM History
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When Kalhu (biblical Calah, modern Nimrud) became the principal administrative center of the Assyrian Empire in the ninth century BC, king Ashurnasirpal II (r. 883–859 BC) built (or rebuilt) numerous temples. One of those was dedicated to the god Enlil. Although its location is not known, the Enlil temple at Kalhu is thought to have been situated within the Ninurta temple complex, in the northwest corner of the citadel.

https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/563250510

36.0995345621, 43.3279497497
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unlocated, temple

Pleiades

Akkadian inscriptions of the ninth-century-BC Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (r. 883–859 BC) record that that ruler built (or rebuilt) temples to the deities Adad, Damkina, Ea-šarru, Enlil, Gula, Nabû, Ninurta, Sîn, Šala, and Šarrat-niphi, as well as to the Sebetti and Kidmuri; for example, see RIAo Ashurnasirpal II 030 lines 53–78a. Of those, only four have been positively identified during nineteenth- and twentieth-century excavations: the Kidmuri temple, the Nabû temple, the Ninurta temple, and the Šarrat-niphi temple. The temple of the god Enlil, according to some texts (for example, RIAo Ashurnasirpal II 028 v 7b–13a), was also dedicated to the god Ninurta, the tutelary deity of Kalhu. Scholarly generally think that this Enlil temple, if Ashurnasirpal actually built it, was located inside the Ninurta temple complex. Various proposals have been made about its location (for example, Room 1, Room 5 and Room 6), but none of the suggestions so far are deemed (from a modern point of view) to have been sufficient enough to have been a temple of one of Assyria’s most important gods. For further details, see Reade 2002.


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Jamie Novotny, 'Enlil temple (Kalhu): a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2021 <https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/563250510> [accessed: 15 January 2021]

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