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Erechtheion

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: April Kissinger, Eric Shea, Chelsea Lee, Sterling Wright Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Jun 08, 2018 07:31 AM History
The Erechtheion is a temple on the north side of the Athenian Acropolis dedicated to Athena Polias and other deities and heroes; the temple is of the Ionic order with several distinctive features, including its famous caryatid porch.

https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/750203268

37.972, 23.726443
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temple

Pleiades

The Erechtheion is a small, unusual temple on the Athenian Acropolis specifically dedicated to Athena Polias and Erechtheus. The structure's foundations sit in part on the Mycenaean fortification walls of the Acropolis, on a slope that raises the south and east side higher than the rest of the building. The temple consists of a central rectangular structure divided into several cellas, the largest of which is on the east side of the building. Several platforms and porches are also attached to the temple. On the east side, the porch has a row of Ionic columns and a frieze of white marble figures on a background of black Eleusinian limestone. The porch that projects from the south side of the temple is the famous caryatid porch or "Porch of the Maidens", which is marked by six columns in the shape of young women in elaborate drapery. In addition to cult facilities for Athena Polias and the archaic wooden cult statue of the goddess, parts of the building housed other tokens of the mythic past of Athens, including the tomb of a local hero and the olive tree and salt spring created by Athena and Poseidon during their competition to be patron divinity of Athens.

Like the rest of the acropolis, the Erechtheion had a long post-antique history, during which it served as a church and, for a time, as the home of an Ottoman harem. At the beginning of the 19th century, one of the caryatids was brought to England with the rest of the Elgin marbles, around the same time that the porch served as inspiration for a similar porch on St Pancras Church in London. The remaining caryatids, damaged by time, pollution, and old restoration efforts, have now been transferred to the new Acropolis Museum, and their place is taken on the monument by modern copies.


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April Kissinger, Eric Shea, Chelsea Lee, Sterling Wright, Jeffrey Becker, Tom Elliott, Brady Kiesling, and Adam Rabinowitz, 'Erechtheion: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2018 <https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/750203268> [accessed: 09 December 2018]

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