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Feature (or Place) Categories

acropolis
An acropolis as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300000700: "The higher and usually fortified sections of ancient Greek cities, typically containing temples and some public buildings and used as places of refuge." Semantic view: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300000700.

agora, forum, plaza
An agora, forum, or other plaza-like civic space.

amphitheatre, amphitheater
Equivalent to Getty AAT "amphitheaters" aat:300007128 (http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300007128).

archipelago, island group
Any grouping of islands or an archipelago that are treated as a unit in antiquity or in archaeological analysis.

architectural complex
A group of rooms, spaces, built features or structures that makes up an individual architectural unit within a larger building or group of buildings.

bay

bridge
Equivalent to Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term "bridges": 300007836.

cairn
A tomb as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300006960: "Ancient landmarks, monuments, memorials, or burial places covered with stones or a large mound of earth, specific to Scotland, Ireland, and Wales".

church
A church building as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300007466: "Buildings for public Christian worship that are distinguished historically from chapels and oratories, which are buildings that are in some respect private, or not public in the widest sense. Church architecture generally somewhat follows standard models, which vary depending upon the date, location, and characteristics of the congregation." Semantic view: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300007466.

cistern
A waterproof receptacle for retaining liquids, as described at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cistern. Equivalent to aat:300052558 (http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300052558).

delta
A delta as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus: Alluvial deposits at the mouths of rivers commonly forming nearly flat, fan-shaped plains of considerable area traversed by many separate branches of water.

desert
A desert is a barren area of land where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. As defined at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desert

earthwork
An earthwork.

ekklesiasterion
A type of Greek building used for public assemblies.

estuary
Equivalent to Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term "estuaries": 300266571.

fountain
An architectural feature that furnishes water for drinking, washing or aesthetic display into a built basin of some kind.

frontier system, limes
A border defensive system, as described at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limes

garden, hortus
A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature, as described at https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Garden

grove
a small wood, orchard, or group of trees.

gymnasium, gymnasion
A gymnasium as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300007297: Buildings designed and equipped for indoor, or, in antiquity, indoor and outdoor, sports, exercise, or physical education and training and usually including changing rooms and bath or shower facilites; in ancient Greece, often combined with educational facilities; generally larger than "palaestrae."

isthmus
a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas.

lagoon
A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs.

lake
Lake or Lacus (Latin), abbreviated: L.

marsh, wetland
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.

monument
A monument as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300006958: "Structures or edifices of importance or historical interest, typically erected in memory of the dead or of an important event." Semantic view: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300006958.

nuraghe
A nuraghe as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300004838: "Ancient Sardinian towerlike structures, dating from the Bronze and Iron Ages; generally associated with villages, built on hilltops, and having tapering sides and corbel-vaulted interior spaces. Many are large, but others are small. The purpose and function of the structures are not entirely understood; among the possible uses are location markers, religious temples, rulers' residences, military strongholds, or meeting halls." Semantic view: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300005727.

palaistra
A square or rectangular court, usually surrounded by colonnades, that formed part of a Greek-style athletic complex.

pass, "gates"
Equivalent to Getty AAT term 300259572 "passes (landforms)". "Refers to narrow routes through or gaps in mountain ranges allowing passage across."

people, tribe
Equivalent to Getty AAT term "historical cultural groups":300387177.

plateau
an area of relatively level high ground, as described at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plateau.

province, diocese, nome
An administrative region

pyramid
A pyramid as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300004838: "Monumental structures with a square or triangular base and inclined triangular sides, usually meeting at a point. The most famous pyramids are those used as mausolea in ancient Egypt; they were focal points of much larger funerary complexes. However, pyramids, usually with flat tops, are also found in Central America, where they were used as platforms for altars or temples, occasionally also covering the burial chamber of a ruler." Semantic view: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300004838.

river mouth
A river mouth as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus: Points where rivers open into larger bodies of water.

salt pans, salinae
Salt evaporation ponds, also called salterns or salt pans, are shallow artificial ponds designed to extract salts from sea water or other brines, as described at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_evaporation_pond

sanctuary (religious center)
A sanctuary as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300391482: "Centers or sites having religious sanctuaries as a primary focus." Semantic view: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300391482.

satrapy
A satrapy as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus: An administrative division of the Persian empire under the Achaemenid and later administrations.

shrine
A shrine as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300007558: "Structures or large furnishings in which devotion is paid to a statue, picture, saint, deity or other holy objects." Semantic view: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300007558.

spring
Equivalent to Getty AAT term "springs (bodies of water)": 300008697. "Water issuing naturally from the rock or soil upon the land or into a body of surface water."

stadion, stadium
A space in which the stadion footrace was held, usually consisting of a flat rectangular track about 200 meters long with a starting line at one end and a semicircular area at the other, with seating areas sloping up from the track on the two long sides and the end.

stoa
A rectangular building with an open colonnade along one long side.

taberna, shop
A taberna is a Roman single room shop most often covered by a barrel vault, as described in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taberna.

temple
A temple as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300007595: "Buildings housing places devoted to the worship of a deity or deities. In the strictest sense, it refers to the dwelling place of a deity, and thus often houses a cult image. In modern usage a temple is generally a structure, but it was originally derived from the Latin "templum" and historically has referred to an uncovered place affording a view of the surrounding region. For Christian or Islamic religious buildings the terms "churches" or "mosques" are generally used, but an exception is that "temples" is used for Protestant, as opposed to Roman Catholic, places of worship in France and some French-speaking regions." Semantic view: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300007595.

temple, sanctuary, shrine, monument, tomb (deprecated)
A conglomerate category inherited from the Barrington Atlas map symbology. Though widespread at present in Pleiades, this term is now deprecated in favor of individual terms for each type of site or structure (q.v.).

tomb
A tomb as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term 300005926: "Elaborations constructed over or around burial sites." Semantic view: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300005926.

townhouse
Designation for a private residence or individual mixed-use residential and commercial complex within a planned urban environment. A townhouse abuts neighboring residences, either directly through party-walls or indirectly through lot-edges or shared alleys.

treasury
(i.e., ancient Greek Θησαυρός) Equivalent to AAT:treasuries (http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300006050)

underground structures
Equivalent to Getty AAT category "underground structures" aat: 300008047 (http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300008047).

vicus
Small, rural farming settlement of the high Roman empire and later periods, often associated with a villa.

villa
Equivalent to Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus term "villas": 300005517.

wall
A wall as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus, term 300002469: Vertical architectural members used to define and divide spaces.

wall (of a city), city wall
A wall as defined by the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus, term 300005072: Fortification walls of cities.

wall, earthwork (deprecated)
Deprecated term employed by Barrington Atlas. See now separate "wall" and "earthwork" categories.