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Geography Terms and Abbreviations

Creators: Sean Gillies
Contributors: Tom Elliott, The Classical Atlas Project
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Feb 11, 2013 02:03 PM
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Greek and Latin geographic terms often appear in the titles of places or in their names, sometimes in abbreviated form. Those used in the Barrington Atlas and in Pleiades are defined here.

Table of Contents

Latin Terms

Aestuarium
estuary
Ager, Agri
district, region
Aqua
aqueduct
Campus, -i
plain
Collis, -es
hill(s)
Fauces
gorge(s)
Fons, Fontes
spring(s)
Fossa(tum)
earthwork, canal
Fretum
strait
Fundus
estate
Horti
gardens, estate
Inferior
lower
Iuga
mountain chain, ridge(s)
Limes
fortified line
Litus
coast, shore
Magnus, -a, -um
large
Mare
sea
Metallum, -i, -a
mine(s)
Murus
wall
Nemus
grove
Oceanus
ocean
Ora
coast, shore
Ostium
estuary, river mouth
Pagus
district, village
Palus, Paludes
marsh(es), swamp(s)
Parvus, -a, -um
small
Pons
bridge
Porta, -ae
gate(s), pass
Portus
port
Praedium, -a
estate(s)
Salinae
salt marsh, salt pans
Saltus
district, forest
Saxa
rocks
Scopulus, -i
rock(s)
Silva
forest, wood
Sinus
bay, gulf, strait
Stagnum
lake, swamp
Superior
upper
Tractus
region
Turris, -es
tower(s)
Vallis, -es
valley(s)
Via, -ae
road(s)
Vicus
village
 

Greek Terms

Aigialos
coast, shore
Akra, Akron, Akroterion
cape, promontory
Ano
upper
Antron
cave
Aulon
glen (land), gulf (sea)
Chora
region
Diorux
canal
Eischusis
estuary
Helos
marsh
Hieron
temple
Hodos, -oi
road(s)
Hyle
forest
Kato
lower
Keras
horn, cape
Kolpos
bay, gulf, strait
Kome
village
Krene
spring
Limen
port
Limne, -ai
lake, marsh
Megas, Megale, Mega
large
Meris
administrative district
Mikros, -a, -on
small
Nesos, -oi
island(s)
Okeanos
ocean
Oros, Ore
mountain(s)
Pedion
plain
Pege
spring
Pelagos
sea
Petra, -ai
rock(s)
Porthmos
strait
Potamos
river
Pyle, -ai
gate(s), pass
Skopelos, -oi
rock(s), peak(s)
Stena
gorge
Stoma
estuary, river mouth
Teichos, -e
wall(s)
Thalassa
sea
Thines
earthwork
 

Abbreviated Terms

Ag., Hag.
(H)Agios (m.), H(Agia) (f.)
saint
Cast.
Castellum, Castra
camp, fort
Civ.
Civitas
city, settlement
Col.
Colonia
colony
fl.
flumen, fluvius
river
Ins(s).
Insulat(e)
island(s)
L.
Lacus
lake
M.
Mons, Montes
mountain(s)
Mon.
Monasterium
monastery
Monu.
Monumentum
monument
Mun.
Municipium
city, settlement
N.
Nomos
administrative district
Pr.
Promunturium
cape, promontory
S.
Sanctus (m.), Sancta (f.)
saint
Sep.
Sepulchrum, -a
monument(s), tomb(s)
T.
Templum
temple
 

References

  • Talbert, Richard J. A. Barrington atlas of the Greek and Roman world. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press,, 2000. Print.