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Tırmıl Tepe Höyüğü

a Pleiades place resource

Creators: Jamie Novotny
Contributors: Jeffrey Becker, Tom Elliott
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Oct 27, 2020 05:19 AM History
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An unexcavated mound on the outskirts of modern Mersin in Turkey. Archaeological surface survey yielded pottery dating from the Calcolithic to the Medieval periods. Atop the mound lie the much-depleted ruins of a possibly medieval fortification. Tırmıl Tepe Höyüğü numbers among the proposed locations of ancient Kundu/Kyinda.

36.8259267387, 34.6621714281

settlement, tell


Kundu, a place mentioned in the inscriptions of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon (r. 680-669 BC), is associated with classical Kyinda. Kundu has sometimes been identified as Tırmıl Tepe Höyüğü, a mound ca. 2 km northeast of Mersin. The association of Kundu with Tırmıl Tepe Höyüğü is uncertain since the inscriptions of Esarhaddon suggest that Kundu was located near Sissû, a place identified as modern Kozan (formerly Sis). Modern Anavarza, which is about 20 km southeast of Kozan, has been suggested as a possible location of Kundu. Since Anavarza is generally associated with classical Anazarbos/Caesarea/Ioustin(ian)oupolis, that proposed location for Kundu is also uncertain. 

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Jamie Novotny, Jeffrey Becker, and Tom Elliott, 'Tırmıl Tepe Höyüğü: a Pleiades place resource', Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places, 2020 <> [accessed: 28 May 2023]

            {{cite web |url= |title=Places: 649638685 (Tırmıl Tepe Höyüğü) |author=Novotny, J. |accessdate=May 28, 2023 4:42 am |publisher=Pleiades}}